It can happen to anyone. Here are some minimum guidelines and hostage survival techniques on how to act.
- Hostage crime has three phases: taking, captivity, and rescue.
- Stay Calm
- Do Not Contradict the Offender
- Do Not Establish Links with the Captor
- Do not intervene in the negotiation
- Trust the police
Hostage-taking crime cases have increased alarmingly throughout the world, including in countries where this crime was virtually unknown. For this reason, there are even special courses that teach hostage survival techniques. The big problem is that although wealthy people or people with a high degree of social exposure may be more exposed, this situation can happen to anyone.
Why Are Hostages Taken?
Hostage-taking can be due to various circumstances. A political group can take hostages to achieve their objectives, or a group of thieves can take hostage customers in a bank branch when the assault failed, and police forces surround them. Be that as it may, this does not change the situation—the essence of the problem.
Phases of the Crime
In one way or another, hostage crises have three phases or moments:
- The Taking: It is a dangerous moment for the victim. The offender is dominated by a very high degree of anxiety.
- Captivity: It is the least dangerous stage for the victim
- The Rescue: It is a critical moment due to the attitudes that captors and hostages can assume before the irruption of the police groups or the delivery of the criminal (s).
What To Do If You Are Taken Hostage
1. Stay Calm
Loss of control by the hostage generates violence in the captor, who can hit the hostage or even murder him.
2. Do Not Contradict the Offender
Obey their instructions and do not stimulate their anxiety. This is a vital hostage survival technique to note.
3. Do Not Establish Links With The Captor
Not talking to him (who can be very young, be a woman, etc.); do not establish personal contact, become familiar, or establish any ties. Remember that the captor is ready to kill, and the hostage’s life is in danger at all times. It is not about “people battered by life, but good at heart.” They can be killers, and maybe they already have been.
4. Do Not Intervene In The Negotiation
Another important hostage survival skill is that you do not try to negotiate on your own or intervene in the negotiation. Police or government negotiators are professionals, and they are prepared for these situations.
5. Trust the Police
Police officers have trained professionals who know what to do.
6. During the Handover, or The Irruption of The Police Tactical Groups
Keep the hands up, without holding anything in them, with the palms facing forward and the fingers wide open and apart. If special groups enter to rescue the hostages, clearly demonstrate that you are not a threat and that you do not have weapons or blunt items in hand.